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Orthodontic Treatment Information


Orthodontic treatment is performed to improve a person’s appearance by straightening teeth. However, an attractive smile is just one of the benefits. Crowded and overlapping teeth are harder to clean and can increase the risk of tooth decay, gum disease and eventual tooth loss. With patient co-operation, specified treatment and maintenance we can achieve a high level of results that can be enjoyed for many years to come.


Our treatments are divided into 4 phases, depending on the individual case each patient may require some or all of these.

Phase 1 – Orthodontic Records

After deciding that orthodontic treatment is necessary the next step is to take orthodontic records. Orthodontic Records are an important part of the treatment process. They are a series of impressions, x-rays and photographs taken to make an accurate diagnosis and to assist in the development of the treatment plan.


Phase 2 – Expansion Appliance (R.M.E)

In some cases, not all cases, before the application of braces, the upper jaw of the patient must be widened, to obtain the best possible outcome of treatment. This is achieved by cementing a Rapid Maxillary Expansion (R.M.E) device, an appliance that gradually expands the width of the upper arch. The practitioner will leave this appliance in place until the desired width is established, and treatment can progress.


Phase 3 – Full Upper and/or Lower Arch banding

Stage three is the full upper and/or lower arch banding (braces), which involves the application of braces to a patient’s teeth, and the regular periodic adjustments throughout the course of treatment.

Phase three of treatment depends largely on the co-operation and diligence of the patient, and this reflects the duration of this phase.

Phase 4 – Removable or Fixed Retainers

Stage four is the completion and removal of the braces and issue of one or two removable or fixed appliances for continual maintenance. 

For advice on caring for your braces down our Orthodontic Instructions.

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